Plum Dragon Herbs

Bai Shao (Paeonia Lactiflora)


Bai Shao, also known as White Peony Root, is a traditional Chinese herb that is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for its numerous health benefits. This root is believed to have properties that can help to regulate the flow of energy in the body and support healthy digestion, making it an important ingredient in many TCM formulas. This herb is classified similarly to Angelica root as an herb that tonifies the blood. Bai Shao is commonly used to treat digestive issues, such as abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea, as well as to support healthy weight management and boost energy levels.

In TCM, Bai Shao is considered to have a sweet and slightly bitter flavor, and it is often used in combination with other herbs to enhance its effects. Bai Shao acts to nourish Blood and preserve Yin, and nourishes the Liver to calm Liver Yang and Liver Wind. This herb is also believed to have anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, and it is commonly used to treat menstrual cramps and other gynecological issues. Bai Shao can be found in the form of teas, decoctions, and dietary supplements, and it is often used in conjunction with other herbs to enhance its effects. When incorporating Bai Shao into your daily routine, it is important to follow the recommended dosages and usage instructions and to consult with a traditional Chinese medicine practitioner for personalized recommendations.

High Quality Bai Shao: What does it look like?

High quality Bai Shao (Paeonia lactiflora or White Peony Root) is a dried root of the peony plant that is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). The root should have a uniform yellow-white color, with a relatively smooth and straight appearance. The bark should be thin, revealing a white inner cortex. There should not be any cracks, bruises, or signs of decay, and the root should have a fresh, earthy aroma. High quality Bai Shao has a consistent texture and is not brittle or easily broken. When preparing Bai Shao for use in TCM, it is important to select the roots that are of good quality, as the effectiveness of the root can be greatly impacted by its quality.

How is Bai Shao prepared and processed?

Paeonia lactiflora, also known as White Peony Root, is native to China and certain parts of Asia, including Japan and Korea. Paeonia lactiflora (White Peony Root) prefers a cool, temperate climate with well-drained, fertile soil. Optimal growing conditions for the plant include:

  1. Temperatures ranging from 60-70°F (15-21°C)
  2. Ample sunlight (partial shade is also acceptable)
  3. Soil with a neutral to slightly acidic pH level
  4. Adequate moisture, with well-drained soil to prevent root rot
  5. Fertile soil with a good balance of nutrients

It is important to note that the quality of the root is greatly impacted by the growing conditions and the plant's environment. Paeonia lactiflora is a slow-growing plant, and it can take up to 3 years to reach maturity and produce a usable root. To ensure high-quality Bai Shao, it is essential to cultivate the plant in optimal growing conditions.

In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Bai Shao (White Peony Root) is processed in several steps to prepare it for use in formulas and decoctions. Here is a general overview of the process:

  1. Harvesting: Bai Shao is typically harvested in the fall after 3 years of growth. The root is carefully dug up and washed to remove dirt and impurities.

  2. Drying: The washed roots are then dried in the sun or using a low-heat method. This helps to preserve the natural compounds and nutrients in the root.

  3. Slicing: Once the roots are completely dried, they are sliced into thin pieces to increase surface area and allow for better extraction of its active ingredients during decoction.

  4. Storage: The sliced Bai Shao is then stored in a cool, dry place for future use.

It's important to note that the processing of Bai Shao may vary slightly based on regional or individual TCM practitioner preferences, but the above steps are a common method. 

Popular Recipe for Bai Shao

Here's a simple recipe that uses Bai Shao:


  • 15g Bai Shao (White Peony Root)
  • 500ml water
  • Optional ingredients: Honey, ginger, lemon


  1. Rinse the Bai Shao and chop into small pieces.
  2. Boil 500ml water in a pot.
  3. Add Bai Shao into the boiling water.
  4. Reduce heat and let simmer for 30 minutes.
  5. Strain the decoction and discard the solids.
  6. Optional: add honey, ginger, or lemon to taste.
  7. Drink the decoction while it's still warm.

This decoction can be consumed up to 2-3 times a day, depending on the severity of the condition being treated and as recommended by a licensed TCM practitioner.

Safety Precautions for the use of Bai Shao

When using and handling Bai Shao, it is important to take the following precautions:

  1. Consult a licensed TCM practitioner: Before using Bai Shao, it is advisable to consult with a licensed TCM practitioner who can recommend the appropriate dose and usage for your specific health conditions.

  2. Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Bai Shao is not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding due to its potential effects on hormones.

  3. Interactions with medication: Bai Shao may interact with certain medications, including blood-thinning medications. It is important to inform your healthcare provider of all medications you are taking before using Bai Shao.

  4. Dosage: It is important to use Bai Shao in the recommended dosage and not exceed the recommended amount as excessive use may lead to adverse effects.

  5. Quality control: Ensure that the Bai Shao you purchase is of high quality and has been tested for purity and contaminants.

  6. Allergic reactions: People with a history of allergies should exercise caution when using Bai Shao, as it may cause an allergic reaction in some individuals.

  7. Store properly: Store Bai Shao in a dry and cool place to preserve its potency.

  8. Discontinue use: If you experience any adverse effects when using Bai Shao, discontinue use and consult with a licensed TCM practitioner or healthcare provider.

It’s important to note that this is a general guideline and it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional or herbalist to determine the right dosage and usage for you

Additional Information about Bai Shao

Common Names: Bai Shao (Paeonia Lactiflora); Paeonia lactiflora Pall; Radix Paeoniae Alba; Poenia Alba; 白芍 (白芍药)

Properties: Bitter, sour, cool

Channels: Liver, Spleen

Customer Reviews

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Abraham Carter
Herbs are fresh, arrived quickly

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